Dinámicas sociales en salud materna con énfasis en la Morbilidad Materna Extrema y aportes de la bioética en su comprensión

una revisión narrativa de la literatura

Palabras clave: bioética;, justicia social, morbilidad;, salud materna

Resumen

El propósito del presente artículo es analizar las dinámicas sociales en salud materna y los aportes de la bioética en su comprensión, haciendo énfasis en la Morbilidad Materna Extrema. Para ello, se llevó a cabo una revisión narrativa realizada en las bases de datos Scopus, Pubmed, Web of Science, Lilacs, Scielo y Google Scholar con la estrategia “Maternal Health” AND “Bioethics” OR “Social Justice”; incluyendo artículos en español, inglés y portugués, publicados en los últimos 25 años. En los resultados se incluyeron 79 manuscritos originales y 21 manuscritos de reflexión y revisión, que surtieron el análisis descriptivo al generar las siguientes categorías temáticas: 1. Necesidades de atención en salud y de cuidado; 2. Determinantes sociales, factores de riesgo y protectores; 3. Calidad de la atención, experiencias en el tratamiento y barreras de acceso; y 4. Perspectivas éticas y bioéticas de la salud materna. Como conclusión, se pudo afirmar que el abordaje bioético de la salud materna propone categorías de análisis como la justicia, la equidad, la autonomía y el acceso. Además de las condiciones de vida desde la pluralidad cultural y las consideraciones en cuanto a la comunicación y el lenguaje. Lo anterior, implica que desde los sistemas de salud se deben rediseñar los enfoques de atención en salud materna para abordar las vulnerabilidades y potenciar las capacidades de las mujeres.

Biografía del autor/a

Mónica Paola Quemba-Mesa, Universidad de Boyacá

Enfermera, especialista en Epidemiología Clínica, magíster en Enfermería, candidata a doctora en Bioética. Universidad Militar Nueva Granada y Universidad de Boyacá. Tunja, Colombia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Mónica Paola Quemba-Mesa, Universidad de Boyacá

Enfermera, especialista en Epidemiología Clínica, magíster en Enfermería, candidata a doctora en Bioética. Universidad Militar Nueva Granada y Universidad de Boyacá. Tunja, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Quemba-Mesa, M. P. (2022). Dinámicas sociales en salud materna con énfasis en la Morbilidad Materna Extrema y aportes de la bioética en su comprensión: una revisión narrativa de la literatura. Revista Latinoamericana De Bioética, 22(1), 113-130. https://doi.org/10.18359/rlbi.5823
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2022-06-21
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