La instrumentalización del sector energético bajo Putin-Medvedev (2000-2018) y el regreso ruso al tablero geopolítico internacional

Resumen

En el 2020, Vladimir Putin asume la presidencia de Rusia con la misión de recuperar la economía y reinsertar el país en el grupo de naciones clasificadas como potencia internacional. Entre las áreas estratégicas contempladas, se destaca el sector energético. El exagente de la KGB implementó una política energética basada en el rescate del control estatal de los recursos naturales y el uso de las compañías energéticas como instrumento para la consecución de los intereses nacionales. En este contexto, el propósito del artículo es presentar la política energética implementada por Putin-Medvedev del 2000 al 2018, quienes se alternaron en la conducción del país, ya sea como presidente, ya sea como primer ministro, pero con clara ascendencia del primero sobre el segundo. El texto está estructurado en tres partes: la primera, sobre la renacionalización de las compañías del sector energético; la segunda, sobre el desarrollo de este sector — mediante atracción de la inversión extranjera y la modernización de la infraestructura —; y la tercera, que aborda la utilización de los recursos energéticos como herramienta de la política externa. Se concluye que el Kremlin recuperó el control de las compañías energéticas más grandes y las utilizó para mantener su tradicional esfera de influencia en la Euroasia y establecer cooperaciones energéticas con sus principales clientes mundiales, lo que contribuye para la recuperación económica rusa y un protagonismo internacional.

Biografía del autor/a

Fernanda Patrícia Silva Albuquerque, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB

Mestrado em Relaçoes Internacionais, Graduação em Relações Internacionais. Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Campina Grande, Brasil.

Cristina Carvalho Pacheco, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB

Post Doc Fellow in International Relations (School of International Service), American University. Doutorado em Ciências Sociais, Mestrado em Ciência Política, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Campina Grande, Brasil.

Alexandre Cesar Cunha Leite, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB

Pós-Doutorado, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais. Doutorado em Ciências Sociais/Relações Internacionais, Mestrado em Economia Política, Pontificia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Graduação em Ciências Econômicas. Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Campina Grande, Brasil.

Alexandre Fuccille, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP

Pós-Doutorado, Universidade de São Paulo. Doutorado em Ciências Sociais, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Mestrado em Ciências Sociais, Universidade Federal de São Carlos.  Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, São Paulo, Brasil.

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Biografía del autor/a

Fernanda Patrícia Silva Albuquerque, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB

Mestrado em Relaçoes Internacionais, Graduação em Relações Internacionais. Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Campina Grande, Brasil.

Cristina Carvalho Pacheco, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB

Post Doc Fellow in International Relations (School of International Service), American University. Doutorado em Ciências Sociais, Mestrado em Ciência Política, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Campina Grande, Brasil.

Alexandre Cesar Cunha Leite, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB

Pós-Doutorado, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais. Doutorado em Ciências Sociais/Relações Internacionais, Mestrado em Economia Política, Pontificia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Graduação em Ciências Econômicas. Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Campina Grande, Brasil.

Alexandre Fuccille, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP

Pós-Doutorado, Universidade de São Paulo. Doutorado em Ciências Sociais, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Mestrado em Ciências Sociais, Universidade Federal de São Carlos.  Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, São Paulo, Brasil.

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Cómo citar
Albuquerque, F. P. S., Carvalho Pacheco, C., Cunha Leite, A. C., & Fuccille, A. (2021). La instrumentalización del sector energético bajo Putin-Medvedev (2000-2018) y el regreso ruso al tablero geopolítico internacional. Revista De Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia Y Seguridad, 16(1), 125–152. https://doi.org/10.18359/ries.4764
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2021-05-07
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