La contienda por el mar de la China Meridional: un reflejo de los dilemas económicos y estratégicos del sudeste asiático (2009-2018)

Resumen

La distribución asimétrica del poder en la región marítima asiática favorece cada vez más a China, lo que
aumenta la aprensión de sus vecinos que, ante su evidente vulnerabilidad, temen a las intenciones de Beijing. En este contexto, el equilibrio de poder permite mantener el status quo y limitar el comportamiento de China contra otros países costeros. Dada la disparidad del poder militar y económico entre el sudeste asiático y China, este equilibrio solo se puede lograr mediante la intervención de un poder extrarregional: los Estados Unidos. La renovada participación estadounidense como garante de la seguridad regional ha creado nuevos lazos de dependencia estratégica para el sudeste asiático, que a su vez tienen economías que dependen principalmente de China. El conflicto por el mar de la China Meridional plantea dos dilemas para la región: la creciente influencia económica de China y la política reactiva y desafiante de Washington sobre el Indo-Pacífico, lo que posibilitaría aún más un estancamiento en el conflicto marítimo.

Biografía del autor/a

M. Florencia Rubiolo, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) y Universidad Católica de Córdoba

Investigadora Adjunta en el Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina. Doctora en Relaciones Internacionales (Universidad Nacional de Rosario). Es Directora del Doctorado en Relaciones Internacionales y Profesora de Historia de las Relaciones Internacionales en la Universidad Católica de Córdoba (UCC). Miembro del Consejo Ejecutivo de la Asociación Argentina de Estudios de Relaciones Internacionales (AERIA).

Sus intereses de investigación incluyen: política internacional del Sudeste asiático, relaciones entre Sudamérica y Asia Oriental, relaciones Sur-Sur, análisis de política exterior y diplomacia económica. Proyecto actual en CONICET y UCC: “Asia-Pacífico en América Latina. Condiciones, estrategias y acciones de diplomacia económica y política exterior ”.

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Biografía del autor/a

M. Florencia Rubiolo, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) y Universidad Católica de Córdoba

Investigadora Adjunta en el Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina. Doctora en Relaciones Internacionales (Universidad Nacional de Rosario). Es Directora del Doctorado en Relaciones Internacionales y Profesora de Historia de las Relaciones Internacionales en la Universidad Católica de Córdoba (UCC). Miembro del Consejo Ejecutivo de la Asociación Argentina de Estudios de Relaciones Internacionales (AERIA).

Sus intereses de investigación incluyen: política internacional del Sudeste asiático, relaciones entre Sudamérica y Asia Oriental, relaciones Sur-Sur, análisis de política exterior y diplomacia económica. Proyecto actual en CONICET y UCC: “Asia-Pacífico en América Latina. Condiciones, estrategias y acciones de diplomacia económica y política exterior ”.

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Cómo citar
Rubiolo, M. F. (2020). La contienda por el mar de la China Meridional: un reflejo de los dilemas económicos y estratégicos del sudeste asiático (2009-2018). Revista De Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia Y Seguridad, 15(2), 115–130. https://doi.org/10.18359/ries.4336
Publicado
2020-07-16