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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Certifico que quedan agregados todos los autores del presente artículo en el OJS y soy consciente que después no puedo agregar más.

Author Guidelines


Academia y virtualidad

Facultad de Estudios a Distancia

ISSN: 2011-0731


instrucciones para autores


Pautas para la preparación del artículo

Revista Academia y Virtualidad es una publicación bianual de umng, dedicada principalmente a difundir artículos de investigación científica y estudios teóricos sobre educación y educación a distancia , investigaciones, revisiones, reflexiones, artículos breves, informes de casos y revisiones de temas, y también todos los problemas disciplinarios relacionados con los Programas de capacitación promovidos por nuestra Facultad para divulgarlos a la comunidad universitaria y a todas las personas interesadas en nuevos desarrollos y aplicaciones a los campos y necesidades de la sociedad.


Los trabajos presentados deben ser inéditos y el autor es el único responsable por su contenido. Todos los documentos presentados serán arbitrados por expertos una vez que sean aceptados por el Consejo Editorial. Los revisores serán asignados por el editor de la revista. Los manuscritos deben enviarse incluyendo una carta al Editor de la Revista, que contenga los nombres completos del autor, la identidad, el tipo de papel y el título, un breve perfil de la academia con títulos y afiliación institucional aprobados con las firmas respectivas.



Universidad Militar Nueva Granada - Facultad de Estudios a Distancia. Cra. 11 N ° 101-80 Bloque C Tercer Piso Bogotá, Colombia. Visite nuestro sitio web: https://revistas.unimilitar.edu.co/index.php/ravi

Correo electrónico: academiayvirtualidad@unimilitar.edu.co


Visión general

All papers should be managed by the Editorial Board. The original should be sent together with a letter addressed to the Journal Editor requesting its publication. Author agrees refereeing the paper by Journal as well as his/her commitment for not sending to another possible publication, and waiting notice of the evaluation report by Editorial Board.

Guidelines for Article Submitting


Any article submitted for publication in Revista Academia y Virtualidad should be formatted as follows:

  • Typeface 12, Times New Roman; 2.5 cm top, bottom, left and right margins; double spacing; 5-space indentation at the beginning of each paragraph; upper right Arabic numeral foliation beginning with number 2 on the second page, following specifically American Psychological Association (apa) Standards for style rules (Spanish third version and English sixth version 2010). Of course those standards, displayed as Journal publication guidelines do not replace our manual. All submissions should contain: article, maximum 25 pages, including tables, figures, references and an abstract.


  • The main title centered and bold but only the first letter capitalized (English and Spanish versions). Author(s)' name should be after the title marked by an asterisk to indicate cross-reference, including institutional affiliation, last degree, nationality, current job, recent publications, résumé, phone, and email.


  • Tables and figures numbered consecutively with the respective title, bold, at the left margin, not indented, using the same typeface of document, source and date.


Abstract: No less than 100 and not more than 200 words, including purpose, methodology, results and conclusions according to the paper; single spacing but no indentation (Spanish, English and Portuguese versions, in that order.)


Keywords: at least four (4) and maximum six (6) words, thesaurus (English and Spanish versions).

Papers should be developed from page 2. As for organization, development and presentation of a theoretical review or reflection articles, regardless the paper type in addition to general features (title, abstract, keywords), they should contain the following:


  • Introduction
  • Review of theoretical and empirical background of the matter
  • Findings suggesting impact and contribution by the paper
  • References


Scientific research articles should contain the following items:


  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements (if essential)
  • References
  • Tables, figures (photographs, graphs, as the case may be)


Publication Types

The Editorial Board, following Colciencias description (2013), agrees authors may submit for publication the following types, among them “Research and Innovation Article”:

[...] It is a document introducing an original and unprinted creation to be published in a scientific, technological or academic journal as a result of a research, reflection and review process, which has been peer reviewed and endorsed by its significant contribution to knowledge in the relevant area [...] In no case it could not be accepted as “Research and Innovation Article”, those contributions as publications not derived from research, abstracts, conference papers, letters to the editor, book reviews, bibliographies, institutional newsletters, editorials, obituaries, news or article translations already published by other media, opinion or situation, and the like (this requirement should be applied even for cases documenting above contributions have been peer reviewed).


Scientific and Technological Research Articles. Documents that present detailed original results of complete research projects.

Reflection Article. Document stating results of a complete research from an analytical, interpretative or critical point of view on a specific topic based on original sources.

Review Article. Document as a result of a research to analyze, systematize and integrate results by science or technology research published or not in order to account for progress and development trends. Generally offers at least fifty (50) references, a thorough literature review.

Short Article. Short paper which offers partial or preliminary results of a scientific or technological research, which usually requires prompt dissemination.

Arbitration Process


Any paper will be evaluated by a panel of arbitrators appointed by an anonymous review process (blind review), which states that an article could be publishable as long as it is evaluated at least by an specialist of the subject, who may suggest or recommend to other experts. Evaluation of refereed articles will be based on classification given by the author. Whether peer review and editor agree to reject an article, it will be returned to the author with the relevant feedback to report document faults. A negative evaluation is justified in these events: a proposed type is not consistent with its contents; written or scientific development deficiencies; the article information plagiarized; there is not any coincidence with Journal topics.

If article accepted, it will be returned to the author giving the appropriate feedback, so he/she could correct the document within a period not exceeding 15 days and again electronically.

The Editorial Board of the Journal assumes any author accepts his/her views or opinions expressed in the articles are his/her sole responsibility. Whether article accepted for publication, printing and reproduction copyright is delivered to the editor by any medium or format; however, an author may request consent to reproduce documents.

Footnotes are used if article is a result of a research project funded to give acknowledgment to the sponsor through a footnote (in that case, it will be the first one). Also for very specific explanations, for example, articles to move forward an investigation.

Quotes from References. Should be easily accessible for any reader and quoted selectively, not as footnotes. The first time a quotation with more than three authors, include their surnames separated by commas, date and page(s); thereafter first author’s surname followed by abbreviation et al., date and page(s).


Quotations up to 40 words are between quotation marks, then page number (p. or pp.) If more than 40 words, it should start in a new paragraph indented five spaces from the left margin and smaller typeface. Where a paragraph in the same quotation, one more space indented, and finished with the corresponding page number.


• References: sources quoted should be included in the text alphabetically by last names. If different references of the same author, list them chronologically from oldest to newest. Always the author's first last name, comma and first name initial, and period. If multiple authors, listed in the same way, separating them with a semicolon; then the year of publication in brackets or n.d. (no date), and period. Then title (using the same typeface, in italics), and period. Then city, colon, and publisher. 5-space indentation from the second line for each reference.





Here are some common uses.



  • Databases


Guiroux, H. (2005). Los profesores como intelectuales. Hacia una pedagogía crítica. Recuperado de http://www. unap.cl/index.pl?iid=11807


  • Books


Arroyo, C. y Garrido, F. (1997).  Libro de estilo universitario. Madrid: Acento.



  • Varios autores


Fuster, B., Martínez, C., y Pardo, G. (2008). "Las estrategias de competitividad de la industria del calzado ante la globalización". En: Revista de estudios regionales (86), 71-96.


Mockus, A. y ál . (1995). Las fronteras de la escuela. Bogotá: Editorial Magisterio.



  • Revistas


Prieto, G. et al . (2008). “¿Mejora la visualización espacial con el aprendizaje del dibujo técnico?” En: Revista Mexicana de Psicología , 25 (1), 175-182.


Finalmente, se recomienda referirse a los estándares de apa en todos los casos, que ilustran a fondo las posibles opciones para implementar citas y referencias de varias fuentes de información, y guían la edición de documentos académicos.





Consejo editorial

Original Research Articles

Presentan, de manera detallada, los resultados originales de proyectos terminados de investigación. La estructura generalmente utilizada contiene cuatro apartes importantes: introducción, metodología, resultados y conclusiones.

Perspective Articles

presentan resultados de investigación terminada, desde una perspectiva analítica, interpretativa o crítica del autor, sobre un tema específico, recurriendo a fuentes originales.

Review Articles

Documento resultado de una investigación terminada donde se analizan, sistematizan e integran los resultados de investigaciones publicadas o no publicadas, sobre un campo en ciencia o tecnología, con el fin de dar cuenta de los avances y las tendencias de desarrollo. Se caracteriza por presentar una cuidadosa revisión bibliográfica de por lo menos 50 referencias.

Letter to the editor

"Es la publicación estructuralmente más sencilla ... Se caracteriza por estar destinada hacia el editor de la revista; por ser breve: no más de 1.000 palabras; ser precisa, pues se centra en un tema en particular; ser dinámica, dado el intercambio de su contenido entre los diferentes actores y, finalmente, por poder acompañarse de una Tabla o una Figura explicativa ...

Las cartas tienen múltiples propósitos o funciones. Entre ellos se encuentran:

 *• Emitir un juicio crítico acerca de un hecho de dominio público.

 * Opinar sobre aspectos de la política editorial de la revista en cuestión.

• * Ampliar aspectos de un trabajo de investigación publicado recientemente.

• * Discutir resultados o señalar defectos metodológicos de un trabajo.

• * Comunicar resultados de un estudio semejante a otro publicado en la revista.

• * Comunicar un hallazgo experimental no descrito previamente."

Tomado de: Clouet, D. (2014). Cartas al Editor: Algo más que 1.000 palabras. Revista médica de Chile, 142(5), 677-678.

Book review

En esta sección se publicarán reseñas de libros. "la reseña incluye la opinión del reseñador sobre el texto que se está describiendo ... las reseñas abordan libros de publicación reciente ya que resulta de interés para los lectores informarse sobre nuevas publicaciones ... las reseñas sirven como guías breves para hacernos una idea de qué asuntos trata un libro (descripción) y acceder a una opinión autorizada sobre su calidad (evaluación) ... por lo general, no presentan secciones con subtítulos ... Partes de la reseña: contextualización, descripción y evaluación, y conclusión"

Tomado de: Navarro, F., & Abramovich, A. L. (2012). La reseña académica. 2012b, 31-53.