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Author Guidelines


Academia y Virtualidad

Facultad de Estudios a Distancia

ISSN: 2011-0731


Instructions for Authors


Guidelines for Article Preparing

Revista Academia y Virtualidad is a bi-yearly publication by umng, primarily engaged to disseminate scientific research papers and theoretical studies on education and related to distance education, approaching investigations, reviews, reflections, short articles, case reports, and topic reviews, and also all disciplinary issues regarding Training Programs promoted by our Faculty in order to disclose them to the University community and all the people interested in new developments and applications to several society's fields and needs.


Papers submitted should be unpublished and the author is the only responsible by his/her contents. All documents submitted will be refereed by experts upon Editorial Board acceptance. Peer reviewers will be assigned by the Journal Editor. Manuscripts should be submitted including a letter to the Journal Editor, containing full names of the author, identity, paper type and title, a brief academy profile with titles and institutional affiliation approved with the respective signatures.



Universidad Militar Nueva Granada - Facultad de Estudios a Distancia. Cra. 11 N°101-80 Bloque C Tercer Piso Bogotá, Colombia. Visit our website:




All papers should be managed by the Editorial Board. The original should be sent together with a letter addressed to the Journal Editor requesting its publication. Author agrees refereeing the paper by Journal as well as his/her commitment for not sending to another possible publication, and waiting notice of the evaluation report by Editorial Board.

Guidelines for Article Submitting


Any article submitted for publication in Revista Academia y Virtualidad should be formatted as follows:

  • Typeface 12, Times New Roman; 2.5 cm top, bottom, left and right margins; double spacing; 5-space indentation at the beginning of each paragraph; upper right Arabic numeral foliation beginning with number 2 on the second page, following specifically American Psychological Association (apa) Standards for style rules (Spanish third version and English sixth version 2010). Of course those standards, displayed as Journal publication guidelines do not replace our manual. All submissions should contain: article, maximum 25 pages, including tables, figures, references and an abstract.


  • The main title centered and bold but only the first letter capitalized (English and Spanish versions). Author(s)' name should be after the title marked by an asterisk to indicate cross-reference, including institutional affiliation, last degree, nationality, current job, recent publications, résumé, phone, and email.


  • Tables and figures numbered consecutively with the respective title, bold, at the left margin, not indented, using the same typeface of document, source and date.


Abstract: No less than 100 and not more than 200 words, including purpose, methodology, results and conclusions according to the paper; single spacing but no indentation (Spanish, English and Portuguese versions, in that order.)


Keywords: at least four (4) and maximum six (6) words, thesaurus (English and Spanish versions).

Papers should be developed from page 2. As for organization, development and presentation of a theoretical review or reflection articles, regardless the paper type in addition to general features (title, abstract, keywords), they should contain the following:


  • Introduction
  • Review of theoretical and empirical background of the matter
  • Findings suggesting impact and contribution by the paper
  • References


Scientific research articles should contain the following items:


  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements (if essential)
  • References
  • Tables, figures (photographs, graphs, as the case may be)


Publication Types

The Editorial Board, following Colciencias description (2013), agrees authors may submit for publication the following types, among them “Research and Innovation Article”:

[...] It is a document introducing an original and unprinted creation to be published in a scientific, technological or academic journal as a result of a research, reflection and review process, which has been peer reviewed and endorsed by its significant contribution to knowledge in the relevant area [...] In no case it could not be accepted as “Research and Innovation Article”, those contributions as publications not derived from research, abstracts, conference papers, letters to the editor, book reviews, bibliographies, institutional newsletters, editorials, obituaries, news or article translations already published by other media, opinion or situation, and the like (this requirement should be applied even for cases documenting above contributions have been peer reviewed).


Scientific and Technological Research Articles. Documents that present detailed original results of complete research projects.

Reflection Article. Document stating results of a complete research from an analytical, interpretative or critical point of view on a specific topic based on original sources.

Review Article. Document as a result of a research to analyze, systematize and integrate results by science or technology research published or not in order to account for progress and development trends. Generally offers at least fifty (50) references, a thorough literature review.

Short Article. Short paper which offers partial or preliminary results of a scientific or technological research, which usually requires prompt dissemination.

Arbitration Process


Any paper will be evaluated by a panel of arbitrators appointed by an anonymous review process (blind review), which states that an article could be publishable as long as it is evaluated at least by an specialist of the subject, who may suggest or recommend to other experts. Evaluation of refereed articles will be based on classification given by the author. Whether peer review and editor agree to reject an article, it will be returned to the author with the relevant feedback to report document faults. A negative evaluation is justified in these events: a proposed type is not consistent with its contents; written or scientific development deficiencies; the article information plagiarized; there is not any coincidence with Journal topics.

If article accepted, it will be returned to the author giving the appropriate feedback, so he/she could correct the document within a period not exceeding 15 days and again electronically.

The Editorial Board of the Journal assumes any author accepts his/her views or opinions expressed in the articles are his/her sole responsibility. Whether article accepted for publication, printing and reproduction copyright is delivered to the editor by any medium or format; however, an author may request consent to reproduce documents.

Footnotes are used if article is a result of a research project funded to give acknowledgment to the sponsor through a footnote (in that case, it will be the first one). Also for very specific explanations, for example, articles to move forward an investigation.

Quotes from References. Should be easily accessible for any reader and quoted selectively, not as footnotes. The first time a quotation with more than three authors, include their surnames separated by commas, date and page(s); thereafter first author’s surname followed by abbreviation et al., date and page(s).


Quotations up to 40 words are between quotation marks, then page number (p. or pp.) If more than 40 words, it should start in a new paragraph indented five spaces from the left margin and smaller typeface. Where a paragraph in the same quotation, one more space indented, and finished with the corresponding page number.


• References: sources quoted should be included in the text alphabetically by last names. If different references of the same author, list them chronologically from oldest to newest. Always the author's first last name, comma and first name initial, and period. If multiple authors, listed in the same way, separating them with a semicolon; then the year of publication in brackets or n.d. (no date), and period. Then title (using the same typeface, in italics), and period. Then city, colon, and publisher. 5-space indentation from the second line for each reference.





Here are some common uses.



  • Databases


Guiroux, H. (2005). Los profesores como intelectuales. Hacia una pedagogía crítica. Recuperado de http://www.


  • Books


Arroyo, C.  y Garrido, F. (1997).  Libro de estilo universitario. Madrid: Acento.



  • Several authors


Fuster, B., Martínez, C., & Pardo, G. (2008). “Las estrategias de competitividad de la industria del calzado ante la globalización”. En: Revista de estudios regionales(86), 71-96.


Mockus, A. et ál. (1995). Las fronteras de la escuela. Bogotá: Editorial Magisterio.



  • Journals


Prieto, G. et ál. (2008). “¿Mejora la visualización espacial con el aprendizaje del dibujo técnico?” En: Revista Mexicana de Psicología, 25 (1), 175-182.


Finally, refer apa Standards is recommended in all cases, which illustrate thoroughly the possible options to implement quotes and references by several information sources, and guide copyediting to academic papers.





Editorial Board