Ejercicio en prevención primaria de enfermedad cardiovascular y cáncer

Resumen

La enfermedad cardiovascular es un trastorno que se desarrolla de manera progresiva a lo largo del proceso vital, y que con la aparición de los síntomas ya está instaurada incluso en estadios avanzados, asociada a discapacidad y pérdida de funcionalidad. La enfermedad cardiovascular está directamente relacionada con diferentes factores de riesgo modificables, como tabaquismo, dieta elevada en grasas saturadas, estrés, obesidad, diabetes mellitus y sedentarismo. Dedicaremos especial interés a la importancia del ejercicio y de la actividad física en la prevención primaria de la enfermedad cardiovascular y de sus beneficios. De igual manera, el ejercicio tiene importantes beneficios en la prevención del cáncer como enfermedad crónica, que se describirán en este artículo.

Biografía del autor/a

Sandra Bibiana Avendaño Avendaño, Policía Nacional

Médico Especialista en Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Dirección de Sanidad Policía Nacional

Oscar Mauricio Álvarez, Hospital Militar Central

Médico Especialista en Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Coordinador Rehabilitación Cardiaca Hospital Militar Central, Bogotá Colombia

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Biografía del autor/a

Sandra Bibiana Avendaño Avendaño, Policía Nacional

Médico Especialista en Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Dirección de Sanidad Policía Nacional

Oscar Mauricio Álvarez, Hospital Militar Central

Médico Especialista en Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Coordinador Rehabilitación Cardiaca Hospital Militar Central, Bogotá Colombia

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Cómo citar
Avendaño Avendaño, S. B., & Álvarez, O. M. (2019). Ejercicio en prevención primaria de enfermedad cardiovascular y cáncer. Revista Med, 26(2), 44-51. https://doi.org/10.18359/rmed.2919
Publicado
2019-12-23
Sección
Artículo de Revisión