Diabetes gestacional y complicaciones neonatales

  • Juan Arizmendi Hospital Militar Central
  • Vicente Carmona Pertuz Hospital Militar Central
  • Alejandro Colmenares Hospital Militar Central
  • Diana Gómez Hoyos Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael
  • Tatiana Palomo Universidad Militar Nueva Granada

Resumen

La diabetes gestacional es un motivo de consulta frecuente en medicina materno-fetal; los casos vienen en aumento y por ende las complicaciones neonatales de los hijos de madres con diabetes gestacional, cada una de ellas es revisada con el fin de esclarecer la causa y el tratamiento. Nuestro estudio es descriptivo y se consultaron las bases de datos: ScienceDirect, Ovid, Medline, Pubmed, LILACS. El objetivo es revisar la diabetes gestacional como entidad y describir las principales complicaciones neonatales. Dentro del abordaje de una gestante con diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus debemos clasificar si es tipo 1 o tipo 2, establecer un objetivo claro en el valor de la glucometría y lo más importante un plan nutricional; cuando lo anterior no es posible las complicaciones neonatales se hacen inminentes y el riesgo de muerte in útero es mayor. Durante la gestación la evaluación gineco-obstétrica nos ayuda a descartar malformaciones congénitas en el feto, y al nacer se evaluará la adaptación neonatal, para iniciar tratamiento temprano y disminuir la mortalidad en el recién nacido hijo de madre diabética. Declaración de conflictos de interés: no existen conflictos de interés.

Biografía del autor/a

Juan Arizmendi, Hospital Militar Central
Pediatra, Hospital Militar Central
Vicente Carmona Pertuz, Hospital Militar Central
Perinatólogo, Hospital Militar Central
Alejandro Colmenares, Hospital Militar Central

Neonatólogo, Coordinador Unidad Recién Nacidos, Hospital Militar Central

Diana Gómez Hoyos, Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael

Neonatóloga, Coordinadora Unidad Recién nacidos, Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael

Tatiana Palomo, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada
Pediatra, Fellow primer año, Neonatología, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada

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Biografía del autor/a

Juan Arizmendi, Hospital Militar Central
Pediatra, Hospital Militar Central
Vicente Carmona Pertuz, Hospital Militar Central
Perinatólogo, Hospital Militar Central
Alejandro Colmenares, Hospital Militar Central

Neonatólogo, Coordinador Unidad Recién Nacidos, Hospital Militar Central

Diana Gómez Hoyos, Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael

Neonatóloga, Coordinadora Unidad Recién nacidos, Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael

Tatiana Palomo, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada
Pediatra, Fellow primer año, Neonatología, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada

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Cómo citar
Arizmendi, J., Carmona Pertuz, V., Colmenares, A., Gómez Hoyos, D., & Palomo, T. (2012). Diabetes gestacional y complicaciones neonatales. Revista Med, 20(2), 50-59. https://doi.org/10.18359/rmed.1200
Publicado
2012-11-30
Sección
Artículos