La rentabilidad de los servicios de electricidad, petróleo y gas en las Américas

Un análisis enfocado

Resumen

Identificar los factores determinantes de la rentabilidad de los servicios públicos es vital para tomar de- cisiones estratégicas como la asignación óptima de recursos y la orientación de la estrategia empresarial para au- mentar el capital invertido. Analizamos la información de empresas privadas y públicas en los sectores de energía, gas y petróleo en Colombia y otros países del continente Americano. Construimos un modelo de datos de panel del 2000 al 2010 y sugerimos un método para identificar los factores determinantes de la rentabilidad en grupos homogéneos de empresas mediante el análisis de grupos. Utilizamos análisis de regresión para cuantificar esos factores en cada grupo. Los activos fijos son factores determinantes esenciales de la rentabilidad; sin embargo, la regulación de las inversiones puede provocar pérdidas significativas en el valor realizable de los activos fijos y un aumento en los costos de capital de las empresas. La deuda y un entorno munificente solo afectan a las medianas empresas. Encontramos algunos beneficios para las grandes empresas que se derivan de entornos institucionales no transparentes.

Biografía del autor/a

John William Rosso Murillo, Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia

PhD in Management. Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia -UPTC, Tunja, Colombia.

Yeny Esperanza Rodriguez Ramos, Universidad ICESI

PhD in Management. Universidad ICESI, Cali, Colombia.

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Biografía del autor/a

John William Rosso Murillo, Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia

PhD in Management. Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia -UPTC, Tunja, Colombia.

Yeny Esperanza Rodriguez Ramos, Universidad ICESI

PhD in Management. Universidad ICESI, Cali, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Rosso Murillo, J. W., & Rodriguez Ramos, Y. E. (2021). La rentabilidad de los servicios de electricidad, petróleo y gas en las Américas: Un análisis enfocado. Revista Facultad De Ciencias Económicas, 29(1), 27-48. https://doi.org/10.18359/rfce.4525
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2021-03-30
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