Un aporte a la comprensión de las estrategias emergentes en las organizaciones a través del concepto de improvisación y la metáfora musical

  • Mauricio Sanabria Universidad del Rosario
  • Didier Moreno Universidad del Rosario
Palabras clave: Estrategias emergentes, improvisación, metáfora musical, administración, estudios organizacionales

Resumen

Este trabajo se inscribe en uno de los grandes campos de los estudios organizacionales: la estrategia. La perspectiva clásica en este campo promovió la idea de que proyectarse hacia el futuro implica diseñar un plan (una serie de acciones deliberadas). Avances posteriores mostraron que la estrategia podía ser comprendida de otras formas. Sin embargo, la evolución del campo privilegió en alguna medida la mirada clásica, estableciendo por ejemplo, múltiples modelos para ‘formular’ una estrategia, pero dejando en segundo lugar la manera en la que esta puede ‘emerger’. El propósito de esta investigación es, entonces, aportar al actual nivel de comprensión respecto a las estrategias emergentes en las organizaciones. Para hacerlo, se consideró un concepto opuesto —aunque complementario— al de ‘planeación’ y, de hecho, muy cercano en su naturaleza a ese tipo de estrategias: la improvisación. Dado que este se ha nutrido de valiosos aportes del mundo de la música, se acudió al saber propio de este dominio, recurriendo al uso de ‘la metáfora’ como recurso teórico para entenderlo y alcanzar el objetivo propuesto. Los resultados muestran que: i) las estrategias deliberadas y las emergentes coexisten y se complementan, ii) la improvisación está siempre presente en el contexto organizacional, iii) existe una mayor intensidad de la improvisación en el ‘cómo’ de la estrategia que en el ‘qué’ y, en oposición a la idea convencional al respecto, iv) se requiere cierta preparación para poder improvisar de manera adecuada

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Cómo citar
Sanabria, M., & Moreno, D. (2017). Un aporte a la comprensión de las estrategias emergentes en las organizaciones a través del concepto de improvisación y la metáfora musical. Revista Facultad De Ciencias Económicas, 26(1), 27-68. https://doi.org/10.18359/rfce.2686
Publicado
2017-11-08
Sección
Artículos