Influencia de los Surfactantes en la Remediación de Suelos Contaminados con Hidrocarburo

  • Héctor Hugo Riojas González Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.
  • Pablo Gortáres Moroyoqui Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.
  • Iram Mondaca Fernández Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.
  • José de Jesús Balderas Cortes Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.
Palabras clave: Adsorción, interfase, petróleo, propiedades químicas, lavado de suelo.

Resumen

La aplicación de los surfactantes en un proceso de remediación de suelo contaminado con hidrocarburos llevado a cabo por un lavado de suelo, que está condicionado por las propiedades fisicoquímicas del surfactante entre las que se destacan, la adsorción en interfases, emulsión, HLB, tensión en interfase y superficie, CMC, movilidad, formación de micelas, solubilidad y punto nube. En la presente revisión se describen y se discuten las propiedades de los surfactantes que influyen en el potencial para la remediación. Además se analizan las principales variables del lavado de suelo en presencia de surfactantes, tales como los coeficientes de adsorción-desorción, mojabilidad y ángulo de contacto.

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Cómo citar
Riojas González, H. H., Gortáres Moroyoqui, P., Mondaca Fernández, I., & Balderas Cortes, J. de J. (2016). Influencia de los Surfactantes en la Remediación de Suelos Contaminados con Hidrocarburo. Revista Facultad De Ciencias Básicas, 7(1), 94-115. https://doi.org/10.18359/rfcb.2066
Publicado
2016-09-01
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