¿Qué hay en común entre el hígado graso agudo del embarazo y la preeclampsia? Subdiagnóstico clínico de alta mortalidad

Resumen

El hígado graso agudo del embarazo es una de las alteraciones hepáticas con mayor mortalidad (cerca del 18 %) presentes en la gestación, aunque es una patología poco frecuente: 1 de cada 7000 a 16.000 embarazos presenta muchas complicaciones y requiere un manejo inmediato para evitar la muerte de la gestante o del feto; sin embargo esta patología se puede enmascarar con la preeclampsia, que es otra patología hepática de mayor frecuencia, lo cual retrasa el manejo y aumenta el número de complicaciones. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una búsqueda bibliográfica acerca del hígado graso agudo del embarazo e identificar los factores similares entre esta patología y la preeclampsia severa para lograr hacer un diagnóstico y manejo oportunos. Para ello se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos, PubMed, Science Direct, Medline, Embase, en junio de 2017; además, se seleccionaron artículos originales, reportes de casos y artículos de revisión, publicados en los últimos diez años.

Biografía del autor/a

Karen Julieth Torres Rodriguez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Médico cirujano, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Karen Julieth Torres Rodriguez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Médico cirujano, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Citas

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Cómo citar
Torres Rodriguez, K. J. (2019). ¿Qué hay en común entre el hígado graso agudo del embarazo y la preeclampsia? Subdiagnóstico clínico de alta mortalidad. Revista Med, 27(1), 61-72. https://doi.org/10.18359/rmed.2945
Publicado
2019-06-25
Sección
Artículo de Revisión