Incertidumbre ante la enfermedad crónica. Revisión integrativa

  • Edier Mauricio Arias Rojas Facultad de Enfermería Universidad de Antioquia
  • Sonia Patricia Carreño Moreno Facultad de Enfermería Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Oliva Lorena Chaparro Díaz Facultad de Enfermería Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Palabras clave: incertidumbre, enfermedad crónica, pacientes, cuidadores, revisión.


Objetivo: Integrar la evidencia acerca de la incertidumbre ante la enfermedad en el paciente con enfermedad crónica y su cuidador familiar, guiados por la Teoría de la Incertidumbre ante la Enfermedad. Método: Se realizó una síntesis integrativa durante los años 2007 a 2017. Se usaron las bases de datos Medline, Science Direct, Ovid Nursing, Scielo, Scopus, CINAHL y Psycinfo en los idiomas inglés y español; con las palabras clave uncertainty, health care provider, health education, social support, cognition, outcomes, nursing y chronic illness. Resultados: La síntesis integrativa se realizó con 46 publicaciones. En los resultados se incluyeron 21 estudios de tipo cualitativo, 19 cuantitativo, 2 mixtos y 4 revisiones. Los estudios se realizaron en su mayoría en cáncer, enfermedades neurodegenerativas, fallos orgánicos, falla cardiaca, EPOC y en cuidados paliativos de distintas enfermedades. Conclusiones: Los estudios revisados sugieren que la persona con enfermedad crónica y su cuidador familiar desarrollan incertidumbre ante la enfermedad crónica debido a falencias en la educación y soporte social que reciben del equipo de salud y sus redes de apoyo.


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Cómo citar
Arias Rojas, E. M., Carreño Moreno, S. P., & Chaparro Díaz, O. L. (2019). Incertidumbre ante la enfermedad crónica. Revisión integrativa. Revista Latinoamericana De Bioética, 19(36-1).