¿Tabú o pragmatismo? El dilema de López Obrador frente al narcotráfico

  • Esteban Arratia Sandoval Academia Nacional de Estudios Políticos y Estratégicos (ANEPE) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8315-4173
  • Aldo Garrido Quiroz Universidad de Santiago (Usach)
Palabras clave: Agendas criminales, conflicto armado, guerra contra el narcotráfico, méxico, procesos de paz

Resumen

Durante su campaña electoral, el nuevo presidente de México, Andrés Manuel López Obrador propuso otorgarles una amnistía a personas involucradas en la producción y tráfico de drogas con el objetivo de finalizar la Guerra contra el narcotráfico, moviéndose así entre el tabú y pragmatismo. Sin duda, esta iniciativa constituye un cambio radical respecto a la aproximación del Estado a este conflicto armado pues considera herramientas clásicas de un proceso de paz, tales como desmovilización, reintegración y justicia transicional. Sin embargo, ¿cuáles son los principales riesgos que conlleva la oferta? Este artículo de reflexión tiene como objetivo responder a dicha interrogante, analizando, bajo un enfoque cualitativo, las principales limitaciones que enfrenta esta propuesta. La principal conclusión es que la amnistía constituye sólo una estrategia de contención de daños dado que no busca modificar la escala del mercado ilícito, sino modelar su comportamiento: bajo perfil, sin una posición de abierta confrontación y con niveles moderados de letalidad.

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Biografía del autor/a

Esteban Arratia Sandoval, Academia Nacional de Estudios Políticos y Estratégicos (ANEPE)
Doctoral student in American Studies and Master in International Studies from the University of Santiago. Associate researcher at the National Academy of Political and Strategic Studies (ANEPE)
Aldo Garrido Quiroz, Universidad de Santiago (Usach)
Doctoral student in American Studies and Master in International Studies from the University of Santiago.

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Publicado
2019-02-08
Cómo citar
Arratia Sandoval, E., & Garrido Quiroz, A. (2019). ¿Tabú o pragmatismo? El dilema de López Obrador frente al narcotráfico. Revista Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia Y Seguridad, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.18359/ries.3610