La geopolítica de la reforma China

  • Dusan Praj University of Comenius, Bratislava
  • Juan Carlos Restrepo Institución Universitaria Esumer
Palabras clave: Geopolítica, disputas territoriales, Pacífico Asiático, China

Resumen

El artículo analiza los nuevos desafíos que la enérgica política exterior China representa para el orden geopolítico regional de Asia. Sigue los recientes cambios en la región sobre todo en lo que concierne a las disputas territoriales en el Mar del Sur de China y examina la manera en la que presión en las regiones empuja a China a mirar en otras direcciones para sus proyecciones geopolíticas, especialmente hacia Occidente al implementar el proyecto de la Nueva Ruta de la Seda y profundizando la cooperación con Rusia. Al mismo tiempo, la fuerte presencia de los Estados Unidos en la región del Pacífico Asiático fue durante más de 50 años una garantía de “paz larga”. El duradero orden político está cambiando debido al constante ascenso de la economía china y al incremento de su gasto militar, desafiando a otros poderes regionales asiáticos como India y Japón a contrarrestar la influencia china en la región, y a eficazmente involucrar a otros socios como Malasia y Filipinas. China está actualmente proponiendo una actitud multidireccional, intentando desarrollar las relaciones con Oriente al igual que con los estados al occidente de sus propias fronteras

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Cómo citar
Praj, D., & Restrepo, J. C. (2017). La geopolítica de la reforma China. Revista Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia Y Seguridad, 12(1), 51-72. https://doi.org/10.18359/ries.2464
Publicado
2017-01-05