¿Cuándo las redes transgubernamentales son la mejor opción para tratar amenazas en Bioseguridad? una revisión del estado de la cuestión

  • Octavio González Segovia Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Palabras clave: Bioseguridad, diseño institucional, elección racional, GHSI, G7, G20, gobernanza global de la salud, organizaciones intergubernamentales, redes transgubernamentales

Resumen

Parto del supuesto de que los Estados eligen conscientemente entre diferentes arreglos institucionales porque consideran que unos son más convenientes que otros para enfrentar nuevos problemas o condiciones. En el campo de la bioseguridad arguyo que la elección está confinada a dos tipos de organizaciones: redes transgubernamentales (RTG) y organizaciones intergubernamentales. Asimismo, sostengo que bajo determinadas condiciones los actores deliberadamente optan por las RTG debido a que las califican como arreglos institucionales superiores. A pesar de que los Estados continúan dependiendo de los tratados formales para dirigir la cooperación en seguridad, muchos de éstos han sido complementados por una variedad de RTG. Debido a su flexibilidad, rapidez y bajos costos en materia de soberanía, muchos anticipan que las RTG serán el vehículo preferido para llevar a cabo la cooperación internacional al desempeñar muchas funciones de gobernanza global pero sin tener la forma de las organizaciones más estructuradas. De ahí, que el objetivo de este ensayo sea evaluar la literatura enfocada en las redes transgubernamentales, legalización y diseño institucional racional, así como conjugar y aplicar algunas de sus teorías al área de la bioseguridad. Por último, discuto dos posibles explicaciones rivales al enfoque racionalista.

Biografía del autor/a

Octavio González Segovia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Candidato a Doctor en Ciencia Política por la Universidad Libre de Berlín.  Maestro en Economía Política Internacional por la Universidad de Tsukuba, Japón y licenciado en Asuntos Internacionales por la Universidad de Guadalajara, México. Profesor de cátedra en la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), becario de la Alianza del Pacífico y se encuentra actualmente como profesor-investigador visitante en la Universidad Militar Nueva Granada.  

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Biografía del autor/a

Octavio González Segovia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Candidato a Doctor en Ciencia Política por la Universidad Libre de Berlín.  Maestro en Economía Política Internacional por la Universidad de Tsukuba, Japón y licenciado en Asuntos Internacionales por la Universidad de Guadalajara, México. Profesor de cátedra en la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), becario de la Alianza del Pacífico y se encuentra actualmente como profesor-investigador visitante en la Universidad Militar Nueva Granada.  

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Cómo citar
González Segovia, O. (2016). ¿Cuándo las redes transgubernamentales son la mejor opción para tratar amenazas en Bioseguridad? una revisión del estado de la cuestión. Revista De Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia Y Seguridad, 11(1), 21-43. https://doi.org/10.18359/ries.1364
Publicado
2016-01-05