Aplicaciones de técnicas espectroscópicas para el análisis de suelos

  • Wilson Rodríguez P Universidad de la Amazonia.
  • Paola A. García R. Universidad de la Amazonia.
  • Alberto Fajardo O. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
Palabras clave: Ultravioleta, infrarrojo, rayos X, resonancia magnética nuclear, espectometría de masas

Resumen

Existe una gran diversidad de técnicas analíticas en el estudio de suelos, siendo las técnicas espectroscópicas las que mayor auge han tenido recientemente ante la necesidad de buscar metodologías que permitan estudiar adecuadamente grandes extensiones de tierra y que sean amigables con el ambiente. Por esto es necesario revisar dentro de las actuales técnicas espectroscópicas usadas en análisis de suelos cual sería la técnica más adecuada para incorporar en los servicios de extensión en suelos en Colombia bajo los lineamientos dados anteriormente. La espectroscopía infrarrojo es la técnica más pertinente para incorporar en los análisis de fertilidad de suelos en Colombia considerando su versatilidad, bajo costo y reproducibilidad. Asociando los datos de IR con el uso de análisis quimiométrico se pueden lograr estimaciones de parámetros edáficos con alto grado de certeza, con lo cual se genera una nueva estrategia de trabajo en laboratorio ambientalmente más amigable.

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Cómo citar
Rodríguez P, W., García R., P. A., & Fajardo O., A. (2016). Aplicaciones de técnicas espectroscópicas para el análisis de suelos. Revista Facultad De Ciencias Básicas, 12(2), 228-251. https://doi.org/10.18359/rfcb.2030
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2016-07-25
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