Hidrólisis del bagazo de remolacha roja y modelado de hidrolizados para la producción de bioetanol

Palabras clave: Beta vulgaris L, pretratamiento, Pirt, logística, Luedeking-Piret

Resumen

la remolacha roja en México se utiliza en la industria de los colorantes, pero el jugo de su bagazo (BRR) puede ser un carbohidrato para la producción de etanol. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo el pretratamiento del BRR con ácido (H2SO4) y álcali (NaOH) para mejorar la disponibilidad de azúcares. Además, se describe de forma cuantitativa en los hidrolizados el crecimiento microbiano, el consumo de sustrato y la producción de etanol con simulación mediante la cinética de datos de la remolacha roja y las ecuaciones logística, de Pirt y de Luedeking-Piret. Los experimentos con H2SO4 en condiciones de esterilización dieron como resultado una menor formación de fenoles y un aumento de la hidrólisis al 32 %. Se utilizaron las ecuaciones mencionadas para describir cuantitativamente los hidrolizados, el crecimiento microbiano, el consumo de sustrato y la producción de etanol, respectivamente. En el tratamiento con álcali, se encontró una diferencia media significativa (p < 0.05) en la masa del sustrato y el tiempo de reacción. El rendimiento máximo de 38 g/L de azúcares totales a las 72 h de reacción se obtuvo a partir de 6 g de BRR y H2SO4 a 0,5 N. El rendimiento de etanol fue de 15 g/L a 18 g/L, lo que representa aproximadamente del 78 % al 92 % del rendimiento teórico.

Biografía del autor/a

Donaji Jiménez-Islas, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan

PhD in Biotechnology. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan, Renewable Energy Engineering Division. Huichapan, Mexico.

Juan Manuel Rivera-Ríos, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan

MS in Biotechnology. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan, Renewable Energy Engineering Division. Huichapan, Mexico.

Josué Addiel Venegas Sánchez, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan

PhD in Chemistry. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan, Renewable Energy Engineering Division. Huichapan, Mexico.

Jorge Noel Gracida Rodríguez, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro

PhD in Biotechnology. Chemistry Department. Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro. Querétaro, Mexico. 

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Biografía del autor/a

Donaji Jiménez-Islas, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan

PhD in Biotechnology. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan, Renewable Energy Engineering Division. Huichapan, Mexico.

Juan Manuel Rivera-Ríos, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan

MS in Biotechnology. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan, Renewable Energy Engineering Division. Huichapan, Mexico.

Josué Addiel Venegas Sánchez, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan

PhD in Chemistry. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Huichapan, Renewable Energy Engineering Division. Huichapan, Mexico.

Jorge Noel Gracida Rodríguez, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro

PhD in Biotechnology. Chemistry Department. Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro. Querétaro, Mexico. 

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Cómo citar
Jiménez-Islas, D., Rivera-Ríos, J. M., Venegas Sánchez, J. A., & Gracida Rodríguez, J. N. (2021). Hidrólisis del bagazo de remolacha roja y modelado de hidrolizados para la producción de bioetanol. Ciencia E Ingeniería Neogranadina, 31(2), 135-148. https://doi.org/10.18359/rcin.5699
Publicado
2021-12-31
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