Optimización del monitoreo de la transparencia del agua, por medio de MOD09GA

un caso de estudio en el lago Guamués, San juan de Pasto, Colombia

Palabras clave: disco de Secchi, Modis, léntico, reflectancia, teledetección

Resumen

El lago Guamués (LG) es considerado humedal Ramsar desde el 2000. Debido a su importancia, los ecosistemas lénticos como el LG requieren de programas de monitoreo que sobrepasen su cobertura espacial y temporal. En este estudio se demuestra que usar productos de reflectancia de superficie, generados por el sensor Modis, puede ser útil para verificar la dinámica espaciotemporal de la profundidad medida con el disco de Secchi (PDS), en el periodo 2001-2020. Para calibrar el modelo, se utilizó una imagen coincidente con los trabajos de campo realizados; se correlacionaron los datos de transparencia de la columna de agua medida con el disco de Secchi con los píxeles de la imagen captados en la banda centrada en los 858,5 nm. Para validar el modelo, se utilizó el método Leave out One Cross Validation (LOOCV). Así, se determinó que el modelo cuadrático presenta mejores resultados con un ajuste en su R2 = 0,74 y un error asociado a las observaciones inferior a los 0,013 m. El análisis espacial reveló que el LG presenta zonas localizadas en sus márgenes donde la PDS puede ser inferior a los 0,5 m. De la misma forma el promedio en su PDS para la imagen del 24 de abril es de 3,87 m. El análisis temporal del lago indica que en 2006-2008 y 2017-2020, se ha presentado mayor variabilidad para los puntos observados, con valores de 3,3 y 2,8 m, respectivamente.

Biografía del autor/a

Ricardo Javier Moncayo Eraso, Universidad Cesmag

Ingeniero de sistemas, máster en Monitoreo y Control Ambiental, doctor en Ciencias Cartográficas. Docente investigador de la Universidad Cesmag, Pasto, Colombia.

Mery Liliana López Martínez, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia

Bióloga, Especialista en Microbiología, Magíster en Ingeniería Ambiental. Docente Asistente, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia UNAD. Pasto, Colombia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Ricardo Javier Moncayo Eraso, Universidad Cesmag

Ingeniero de sistemas, máster en Monitoreo y Control Ambiental, doctor en Ciencias Cartográficas. Docente investigador de la Universidad Cesmag, Pasto, Colombia.

Mery Liliana López Martínez, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia

Bióloga, Especialista en Microbiología, Magíster en Ingeniería Ambiental. Docente Asistente, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia UNAD. Pasto, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Moncayo Eraso, R. J., & López Martínez, M. L. (2021). Optimización del monitoreo de la transparencia del agua, por medio de MOD09GA: un caso de estudio en el lago Guamués, San juan de Pasto, Colombia. Ciencia E Ingeniería Neogranadina, 31(1), 93-108. https://doi.org/10.18359/rcin.4930
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2021-07-23
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