Propiedades dieléctricas de asfaltos

revisión

Palabras clave: asfalto, conductividad, módulo eléctrico, permisividad, propiedades dieléctricas

Resumen

El asfalto es un material complejo cuyo desempeño depende en gran medida de su composición química. En el mundo, se han realizado múltiples estudios para intentar correlacionar las propiedades físico-químicas de estos materiales, con el fin de intentar comprender su desempeño ante solicitudes de carga y condiciones medioambientales, similares a las que experimentan cuando forman parte de una mezcla asfáltica en un pavimento. A pesar del amplio número de investigaciones realizadas en estas áreas, el complejo comportamiento viscoelástico que caracteriza a estos materiales amorfos aún no ha sido totalmente entendido. Una técnica que podría ayudar a mejorar el entendimiento de asfaltos es la espectroscopía de impedancia eléctrica compleja. Mediante esta, se pueden medir y evaluar las propiedades dieléctricas de estos materiales, las cuales podrían ser correlacionadas con aquellas de carácter físico-químico. En el presente artículo, se presenta una revisión bibliográfica sobre los estudios realizados a la fecha para medir y analizar propiedades dieléctricas en asfaltos. Se describen los estudios y se reportan las limitaciones de los mismos.

Biografía del autor/a

Hugo Alexander Rondón Quintana, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas

Ingeniero civil, magíster en Ingeniería Civil, doctor en Ingeniería. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. Bogotá, Colombia.

William Andrés Castro López, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas

Magíster en Ciencias-Física, doctor en Ciencias Físicas. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. Bogotá, Colombia. 

José Humberto Castillo Chamorro, Universidad del Quindío

Licenciado en Física, magíster en Ciencias-Física, doctor en Ciencias Físicas.. Universidad del Quindío. Armenia, Colombia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Hugo Alexander Rondón Quintana, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas

Ingeniero civil, magíster en Ingeniería Civil, doctor en Ingeniería. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. Bogotá, Colombia.

William Andrés Castro López, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas

Magíster en Ciencias-Física, doctor en Ciencias Físicas. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. Bogotá, Colombia. 

José Humberto Castillo Chamorro, Universidad del Quindío

Licenciado en Física, magíster en Ciencias-Física, doctor en Ciencias Físicas.. Universidad del Quindío. Armenia, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Rondón Quintana, H. A., Castro López, W. A., & Castillo Chamorro, J. H. (2021). Propiedades dieléctricas de asfaltos: revisión. Ciencia E Ingeniería Neogranadina, 31(2), 61-74. https://doi.org/10.18359/rcin.4688
Publicado
2021-12-31
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