Un sistema de fusión de datos para la simulación de escenarios críticos y la toma de decisiones

Palabras clave: Toma de decisiones, juegos de guerra, modelado y simulación, sistema crítico, simulación de desastres naturales

Resumen

El proceso de toma de decisiones (TD) en entornos críticos, es un proceso complejo que puede ser simulado gracias a las capacidades telemáticas actuales, que permiten interactuar con grandes cantidades de datos en tiempo real.  Este documento describe la arquitectura planteada desde un proceso de investigación, desarrollado del Centro de Desarrollo de Tecnología Aeroespacial de la FAC (CETAD), que permitió utilizando herramientas computarizadas, basados en conocimiento experto, crear un entorno en el que el decisor evalué sus opciones preparándose para eventos reales, simulando las características del proceso de TD en tiempo, recursos y estrategias en un entorno en tiempo real.

Este documento describe el producto de una investigación que dio como resultado  un sistema de simulación con una arquitectura basada que combina lógica difusa, algoritmos genéticos y árboles de decisiones  con los que se puede modelar  diversas entidades y su respuesta automática de acuerdo a los patrones y situaciones simuladas, en la que a través de operadores el decisor puede modificar las instrucciones para las entidades dentro de unas restricciones parametrizadas que obedecen a condiciones físicas.  También basado en técnicas de inteligencia de negocios, se generan informes para evaluar las decisiones tomadas. Este tipo de tecnologías mejora la capacidad de planificación y facilitar el proceso de toma de decisiones.

Este sistema permite simular cualquier despliegue de medios en el contexto de la seguridad nacional y eventos críticos. Así, se desarrolló un estudio de caso para la implementación de una simulación orientada al soporte en el escenario de un desastre natural.

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Cómo citar
Florez Zuluaga, J. A., Patiño Carrasco, E., Ortega Pabon, J. D., Gallego Leon, K., & Quintero Montoya, O. L. (2019). Un sistema de fusión de datos para la simulación de escenarios críticos y la toma de decisiones. Ciencia E Ingeniería Neogranadina, 30(1). https://doi.org/10.18359/rcin.4131
Publicado
2019-11-12
Sección
Artículos