CASOS APLICADOS DEL ANÁLISIS DE CAUSA RAÍZ (RCA): REVISIÓN

Palabras clave: RCA, Fatiga, Corrosión, Falla, Pieza.

Resumen

En este artículo se presenta una revisión bibliográfica acerca de la implementación del Análisis de Causa Raíz (RCA) a diversos problemas presentados en elementos mecánicos en diversas industrias del sector productivo. Se hace una breve contextualización sobre que es el RCA y los pasos que se deben realizar para poder efectuarlo de una manera correcta en un problema ingenieril y su utilidad en cuanto a la mitigación de gastos, ya sea en una obra, planta o cualquier otra situación que merezca realizar una investigación de esta naturaleza. Las investigaciones mostradas en este artículo exponen diferentes casos que aplican la metodología RCA para determinar la causa de falla de piezas críticas dentro de diversos equipos. El común de estas indagaciones muestra unos pasos que son imprescindibles como explicar la naturaleza del elemento de falla, desarrollar una caracterización fisicoquímica del material del elemento mediante técnicas de espectroscopia, micrografía, fractografía y en algunos casos, aplicación de los conceptos de diseño mediante el análisis por elementos finitos. Además, se hace una comparación del elemento de estudio con investigaciones recientes o previos sobre mecanismos de falla posible y determinar la posible causa raíz de falla del elemento estudiado. En algunos casos, los autores dan recomendaciones para la mitigación de los riesgos de falla, llevando consigo un mejoramiento operativo y económico.

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Cómo citar
Castro Castro, J. D., & Cendales Ladino, E. D. (2019). CASOS APLICADOS DEL ANÁLISIS DE CAUSA RAÍZ (RCA): REVISIÓN. Ciencia E Ingeniería Neogranadina, 29(1). https://doi.org/10.18359/rcin.3197
Publicado
2019-05-31
Sección
Artículos