¿Es obsoleto el bienestar del consumidor? Una perspectiva de la competencia en la Unión Europea

Palabras clave: prácticas anticompetitivas, enfoque basado en los efectos, bienestar del consumidor, ordoliberalismo, derecho de la competencia de la Unión Europea

Resumen

En 2005, la Comisión Europea abogó por un enfoque más económico de la aplicación de las leyes de competencia. El único criterio para evaluar la legalidad de una práctica de mercado debe ser la evaluación de sus efectos netos sobre el bienestar de los consumidores. El Tribunal de Justicia se mostró reacio a adoptar este enfoque hasta la sentencia de Intel de 2017. Su aprobación —que es discutible en la medida en que la sentencia puede dar lugar a diferentes interpretaciones— puede parecer paradójica en el medida en que es concomitante con un fuerte desafío al criterio del bienestar del consumidor en los Estados Unidos. La finalidad de este artículo es volver sobre la historia de este criterio, en particular en su adopción en el contexto de la ley de competencia de la UE. Nuestro objetivo es demostrar que las críticas al enfoque basado en los efectos pueden abordarse sin alejarse del criterio de bienestar del consumidor, sino integrándolo en una perspectiva más amplia que también tenga en cuenta la protección del propio proceso de competencia.

Biografía del autor/a

Frédéric Marty, Université Côte d’Azur

PhD in economics, French National Centre for Scientific Research (cnrs) fellow, Research Group on Law, Economics, and Management (gredeg), Université Côte d’Azur, Valbonne, France. E-mail: frederic.marty@gredeg.cnrs.fr ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9881-2036

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Biografía del autor/a

Frédéric Marty, Université Côte d’Azur

PhD in economics, French National Centre for Scientific Research (cnrs) fellow, Research Group on Law, Economics, and Management (gredeg), Université Côte d’Azur, Valbonne, France. E-mail: frederic.marty@gredeg.cnrs.fr ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9881-2036

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Cómo citar
Marty, F. (2021). ¿Es obsoleto el bienestar del consumidor? Una perspectiva de la competencia en la Unión Europea. Prolegómenos, 24(47), 55-78. https://doi.org/10.18359/prole.4722
Publicado
2021-08-06
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